Inequality Between The Black And White Population.

South-Africa-per-capita-GDP

According to the Gini coefficient, South Africa ranks as one of the most unequal  countries in the word. The in inequality in South Africa   is due to apartheid’s effect on different races, but other factors are also important. There are 3 basic forms of inequality which  all  exist in South Africa these are regional disparities, a rural urban divide, and an urban underclass. As it can be seen from the map there are significant differences.The poorer provinces tend to be along the southeastern coast and in the North, whereas the Johannesburg region and the Southwest tend to be wealthier. The most regional difference is between the Western cape and the Eastern cape  which leads to migration to western Cape by the hope to get rid of poverty in the Eastern cape. Inequality in South Africa is highly correlated with race.The system of apartheid, built in 1948-1994 determined economic possibilities and expectations based on race, which can still be seen today. The new National Party which was called apartheid codified laws mandating racial categorization and exclusion. To open this a little, all non whites were excluded not only from the political system, but also from most respectable jobs and good education. The actual aim of this party was to separate the races physically to become able to push the white population up to higher levels. As a result, poor people of European background really benefited from apartheid, as they were able to move  into higher classes, bypassing well-educated non-withes.

Figure-9.3

As it can bee seen the Gini coefficients for the white population in 1975 stood at a low level like 36. which shows the success of the system. a big role playing point in this program was the made reservations of well-payed jobs for the white population even the well-educated blacks could not find a well-payed job.

Bildschirmfoto 2014-11-24 um 04.34.58

In this table the average income by race from 1975 until 2011 is shown.Actually  regardless  of the household we could  say that  it’s almost equal in the middle class but we can’t just overlook  the number of the household because the number of the black households are approximately 9 times less than the whites. But as we can see  the percentage of black people is still  much  higher  in 1975  in the category of under 5.000 dollar. In the middle class we need to focus on the number of the households  to not get confused of the almost similar percentages. In the upper classes the blacks percentages decrease dramatically which leads to the conclusion that even in 2011  the white population  earns almost  the double of the black population

.Bildschirmfoto 2014-11-24 um 05.09.16

In the mid 1970s, the apartheid party began to loose its restrictions, and started unintentionally allowing some educated non-whites to take higher-level jobs. Also important was the shifting labor market. Jobs requiring little education, especially in mining, began to decrease after 1975. With the end on the party in 1994 ,the change for mobility increased. The end of apartheid has given many educated non-whites  the opportunity to obtain professional higher payed jobs. Unfortunately the majority of black people still suffer from the lack of marketable skills. This might even continue to be felt in the next generation.

Sources: http://www.hss.de/fileadmin/suedafrika/downloads/Mining_Report_Final_Dec_2013.pdf

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0104552.html

http://www.geocurrents.info/economic-geography/inequality-trends-in-south-africa

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